Paraphrase of the Book of Romans
by E.H. ďJackĒ Sequeira


No book in the whole of the Bible explains so clearly and so masterfully the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ as Paulís epistle to the Romans. Here, the great apostle expounds fully the whole counsel of God pertaining to our salvation in Christ. Paulís purpose in writing this somewhat lengthy letter to the Christians in Rome was to reveal to them the full significance of the everlasting gospel so that they may be fully established in their Christian faith. It is for this reason Luther labeled this epistle as “the clearest gospel of all.”

Further, no book in the whole Bible has made such an impact on the Christian Church in bringing spiritual revival and reformation as the epistle to the Romans. It was through being enlightened as to the truth of justification by faith, so clearly expounded in Romans, that Martin Luther was delivered from his bondage to legalism and became the leader of the Protestant Reformation. The same doctrine, expounded by Luther, led to the conversion of John Bunyan, the “Immortal Tinker of Bedford.” Similarly, it was as he listened to a man reading from the preface of Lutherís Commentary on Romans that John Wesley’s heart was “strangely warmed” on the evening of May 24, 1738, resulting in the great English revival of the 18th century. Many other experiences could be added to the above.

Not only is the need for revival and reformation in the Christian Church today so desperate, but never in the history of Godís people has it been more important for believers to be fully established in Christ than in our present day, “the time of the end.” Had Paul been living in these last days of this earthís history he certainly would have had as great a concern for the believers as he had for the Roman Christians who in his day faced great persecution. However, while the substance of his gospel would have been the same, the style of his letter to 20th Century Christians would have been different. The Christians of his day belonged to a very different culture, background, and mentality than their modern counterparts. This is one reason why so many today find Romans such a difficult book to understand.

The purpose of this somewhat free paraphrase of Paulís epistle to the Romans is to bridge that gap between the world of Paulís day and ours, so that the message of Romans may become meaningful to the modern Christian. This in turn, I hope, will bring revival and reformation in the lives of all those who are hungering and thirsting after the righteousness of Christ. Jesus made it clear that before the end comes “this gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in all the world for a witness” (Matt. 24:14).

The fulfillment of this prophecy is referred to in the book of Revelation as the three angelsí messagesóthe Everlasting Gospel, proclaimed in the setting of Godís final judgment (Rev. 14:6-12). It is my firm conviction that this epistle to the Romans, along with its sister epistle to the Galatians, will never be separated from the proclamation of the threefold message of Revelation 14 in their worldwide work and influence. How important, then, that we come to grips with the message of Romans!

Every attempt has been made to be as accurate as possible to Paul’s thought expressed in each text. However, I do not claim infallibility, and the best I can hope for is that you let this stimulate you to a deeper, prayerful study of Romans. Keep close to several good Bible translations or, if you know it, the Greek. My sincere prayer in presenting Paulís letter to the Romans in todayís terms is that “you shall know the truth and the truth shall make you free” (John 8:32).

—E.H. “Jack” Sequeira

Table of Contents

* Chapter One

Prologue, Admiration and Concern for the Roman Christians, Universal Sinfulness of Mankind, God-Abandonment Increases Sin

* Chapter Two

Godís Judgment is Impartial, Hypocrisy of Judaism Exposed

* Chapter Three

Advantage of the Jews, All Humanity is Dominated by Sin, The Gospel Introduced

* Chapter Four

Righteousness by Faith is Apart from Good Works, Righteousness by Faith is Apart from Circumcision, Righteousness by Faith is Apart from Law Obedience, Abrahamís Faith is Our Example

* Chapter Five

The Fruits of Justification by Faith, The Two Adams, Explanatory Note on Romans 5:12

* Chapter Six

Justification by Faith Means Being Dead to Sin and Alive to God, Justification by Faith Means Being Slaves of God

* Chapter Seven

Liberated From Under the Lawís Jurisdiction, Godís Law is Holy but We are Sinful, Manís Sinful Nature is Incompatible with Godís Holy Law

* Chapter Eight

Christís Righteousness is Imparted by the Spirit, Christian Duty is to Walk in the Spirit, Our Future Glory, Godís Spirit Constantly Helps Us, Godís Agape Love is the Rock of Our Salvation

* Chapter Nine

Paulís Deep Concern for His Fellow Jews, Who Constitutes True Israel, Godís Sovereign Will, Godís Sovereign Will and Manís Free Choice, Judaism and the Gospel

* Chapter Ten

The Jews Refuse Righteousness by Faith, The Way of Righteousness by Faith, Faith Comes by Knowing the Gospel, Israelís Willfull Rejection of Christ

* Chapter Eleven

A Faithful Minority of the Jews Saved, Unbelief of Jews Brought Salvation to Gentiles, A Word of Warning to the Gentile Believers, Godís Future Plans for Literal Israel

* Chapter Twelve

Living the Spirit-Controlled Life, Characteristics of a True Christian

* Chapter Thirteen

Duties to the State, Duties to One Another, Witnessing the Spirit-Filled Life

* Chapter Fourteen

Christian Relationships, Judging One Another, Living for One Another

* Chapter Fifteen

Building Each Other Spiritually, Salvation Extended to the Gentiles

* Chapter Sixteen

Paul Greets Fellow Workers in Rome, Paul Cautions Against False Teachers, Paul Concludes with Greetings, Benediction

Study Materials